Aquarium Journal

  • Ludwigia Repens Care Guide: How to Grow and Propagate
    The Ludwigia Repens is a very common aquatic plant found in aquariums. It is a beautiful red and green freshwater aquatic plant native to North and Central America. This plant can be found growing abundantly in the wild commonly in California and Mexico in warm tropical waters of lakes, streams, and ponds.
  • Riccia Fluitans (Crystalwort Moss): Ultimate Care Guide
    Riccia Flutians is an easy to care for plant that any level of aquarist would love to have in their aquarium. If cared for properly, it can be an attractive, eye-catching feature of any aquarium. Despite looking and growing like moss, Riccia Fluitans is not one; it’s a type of plant.
  • Red Tiger Lotus (Nymphaea zenkeri): Ultimate Care Guide
    Red Tiger Lotus is a beautiful plant that is ideal for beginners. This resilient species can withstand practically any condition, making it ideal for any aquarist, regardless of experience. Red Tiger Lotus got its name from the color of its leaves, which are bright red. A Red Tiger Lotus is a lily pad. Some people are surprised by this because Red Tiger Lotus have arrowhead-shaped leaves rather than the circular leaves that people are used to seeing on lily pads. Under bright light, the red leaves might exhibit striped variegation.
  • Flame Moss: Care Guide for a Super Fire Aquarium Moss
    The flame moss, also known by its scientific name, the Taxiphyllum sp. ‘Flame’, is a unique species of creeping moss, whose prominence amongst hobbyists is heightening. Naturally found in South Asia and South-East Asia, it thrives mainly in different bushes of cold river water with a gradual flow. The flame moss is known for the extraordinary way it grows.
  • Rotala Indica: Care Guide for an Awesome Aquarium Plant
    Rotala Indica, nicknamed Indian toothpick, is a type of flowering plant native to Southeast Asia. Discovered in 1881 by German botanist Bernhard Adalbert Emil Koehne, a renowned professor of botany in Berlin, who also authored the Lythraceae family of plants. Although native to Southeast Asia, Rotala Indica has been introduced to other regions such as Italy and Portugal, as well as California and Louisiana in the United States.
  • Micro Sword Plant (Lilaeopsis brasiliensis): Care Guide
    Micro Sword plants (Lilaeopsis brasiliensis) are widely used by aquarium owners to create a beautiful environment for their fish swim in and potentially used to breed in. The plant is usually placed in the foreground of the aquarium, and it significantly improves tank aesthetics. Micro Sword resembles grass and can be easily grown in water, emersed or submersed. Aquarium owners trying to recreate the effect of a grass – like carpet for their aquariums can try Micro Sword plants.
  • Dwarf Baby Tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Care Guide
    Dwarf Baby Tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides) is a semi-aquatic plant in the Linderniaceae family. They are also known as Water Starwort, and they can be found in the West Indies. This includes Cuba, Puerto Rico, and The Bahamas. This plant is believed to have been first collected by Holger Windeløv and Eusebio Canicio Delgado Pérez in 2003 in Las Pozas, Cuba. With their lush green cluster of leaves, Hemianthus callitrichoides began to hit the retail shelves in the United States in 2008. Nowadays they can be found in most stores such as Home Depot and Walmart, as well as online retailers such as Amazon and Etsy. If shopping online, you want to be particularly careful you are purchasing the correct Dwarf Baby Tears, as dwarf baby tears can sometimes be mistaken for Monte Carlo.
  • Pearl Weed (Hemianthus Micranthemoides): Care Guide
    Pearl weed (Hemianthus Micranthemoides) is a popular aquatic plant, known for its bright green color and low-growing, full coverage growth. It is easy to care for and can be grown in many sections of the aquarium. Pearl weed is native to Florida, where it will grow in wet areas with still, stagnant water.
  • Subwassertang (Lomariopsis Lineata): Ultimate Care Guide
    When first looking at the pronunciation of Subwassertang (Lomariopsis Lineata), it’s essential to know that the word stems from the German words “süßwasser” and “tang,” which means “freshwater” “seaweed.” Subwassertang has been a popular aquarium plant since its discovery in the early 2000s. Ever since Christel Kesselman propagated it and gave it out to some fellow aquarists, which then became the new must-have plant, how it got into her aquarium originally is still unknown.
  • Java Moss Care Guide: Growing a Carpet in Aquarium & More
    Java Moss is perfect for beginner fish keepers wishing to introduce this moss into their aquarium. Experimenting with where to place this moss can be interesting, as their rhizoids allow them to attach to any surface, granted this makes controlling its growth somewhat difficult. A tank size of at least 5 gallons (19 L) is needed, but depending on how often Java Moss is pruned and whether more than two moss are planted, their growth will need to be accommodated with a 10 gallon (38 L) tank. Low fluorescent or LED lights are recommended for Java Moss, as they do not require bright lights, especially as this will spur algae reproduction.
  • Hydrocotyle Tripartita Care Guide
    Hydrocotyle tripartita is best planted as a carpeting plant as it hugs the foreground and sends out runners on a daily basis. If the lighting in the tank is low, the plant could end up stretching up the tank walls; this will only happen with consistent low light conditions. Medium to high light conditions will result in lush growth. While some sources recommend compressing the plant to promote carpeting, this isn’t necessary, especially if a mat is placed in the tank where the plant is established. When new growth is starting to get out of control, pruning when necessary will ensure healthy and controllable growth. Injecting C02 will result in faster and more manageable growth.
  • Monte Carlo Plant (Micranthemum Tweediei): Care Guide
    Monte Carlo (Micranthemum tweediei) is a fantastic aquatic carpeting plant. It grows quickly and provides a lovely aquascape that will add to the lushness of your home aquarium. You may grow it along the bottom substrate and then use cuttings or offspring to create a cascade over rocks.
  • Cherry Shrimp: Care, Tank Mates, Molting, Breeding & Eggs
    Cherry Shrimp (Neocaridina davidi) are amazing beginner aquatic pets that are easy to look after, display interesting behavior, and can survive in small tanks. Cherry Shrimp are a favorite amongst aquarists for their hardy nature and inexpensive care needs. Originating from South- East Asia, these dwarf shrimp can survive in a wide range of water parameters and have no trouble breeding in captivity.
  • Rotala Rotundifolia: Care, Light, Growth & Varieties
    Rotala Rotundifolia is an easy plants to grow because they are adaptable to a wide range of water conditions and lighting environments. It is popular amongst aquascapers because it is easy to propagate and has vibrant coloration. In fact, you will want to make sure that you are keeping an eye on your Rotala Rotundifolia and trimming it down to the desired length and shape as it can grow too much and overtake the aquarium once it is well established.
  • Red Root Floater Care Guide (Phyllanthus Fluitans)
    Even though Red Root Floater is a beautiful low maintenance plant, it still has some specific requirements, especially while it is growing and establishing itself in a new environment. First, Red Root Floaters require a good amount of light to thrive. The proper growing light must be regulated based on the type of water. Soft water environment requires less light, and hard water needs more light
  • Water Wisteria Care Guide (Hygrophila difformis)
    Water Wisteria (hygrophila difformis) is notorious for being an easy plant. It simply asks for a few basic things, regular pruning is the most critical requirement, and thankfully, this plant is gracious when it comes to lighting requirements and can grow in an array of settings. While it is best to provide medium to high lighting to ensure healthy and lush growth, it can survive with only a few hours of artificial LED light or natural light a day. When looking for the best type of substrate, Substrates that contain large grains aren’t an optimal choice when planting water wisteria.
  • Ludwigia Ovalis Care Guide: Growing in Aquarium & Emersed
    Ludwigia ovalis is a versatile plant that is easy to take care of. It requires medium light conditions, prefers stable environments, and do not require CO2 injections. While CO2 is not required to grow ludwigia ovalis, it can help it grow faster and more robust. It can help bring out bright coloration as well.
  • Guppy Grass (Najas Guadalupensis): Care Guide
    Guppy grass (Najas Guadalupensis) is native to North America, guppy grass is a tall plant that grows fully submerged in freshwater, with long stalks and thin leaves extending from each branch. It’s found in many places, including streams, ditches, ponds, and even waterways. It’s fast growth rate and aggressive expansion earns it an invasive species status in some countries.
  • Blyxa Japonica Care Guide: Height, CO2 & Aquascape
    Blyxa Japonica, commonly known as Japanese Bamboo Plant, is an aquatic plant that grows naturally in shallow pools of fresh water and is commonly used in aquascaping. However, its scientific name Blyxa Japonica seems to be more widespread. Commonly found in Japan, this plant is grass like and has long blades that make it a very attractive plant that adds dimension to your aquascape.
  • Crinum Calamistratum Care Guide (African Onion Plant)
    Crinum calamistratum, also known as the African Onion Plant, is native to Africa. It is specifically found in the west and central areas of Africa, especially in Cameroon. It is a geophyte that has underground perennial organs that allow it to survive rough seasons. Crinum calamistratum is usually found in freshwater as well as brackish waters where it is fully submerged under water.
  • Christmas Moss: Care & Growing a Moss Carpet in Aquarium
    Christmas Moss (Vesicularia montagnei) is one of the most common aquarium moss amongst aquarists. They are great additions to freshwater aquariums since they provide a lot of benefits for the aquatic creatures and the entire aquarium ecosystem as a whole. In addition, they are beautiful plants that are great for aquacaping as well.
  • Peacock Moss (Taxiphyllum sp. ‘Peacock’): Care & Growing
    Caring for the taxiphyllum sp. peacock moss is not difficult and can be easy enough for a beginner to handle. It thrives in cold water with the temperature between 65°F and 77°F. In higher temperatures, the peacock moss will begin to die and it will wilt and lose its peacock-shaped fronds. It does well in both hard and soft water, though it needs water with pH levels between 5.0 and 7.5. Peacock moss does well in all lighting, but the more lighting it receives the faster it will grow. The high intense lighting also causes the moss to grow more compact and more defined triangular-shaped fronds. Adding CO2 to the tank will also assist the moss in growing at a higher speed though it is not necessary.
  • Nano Aquarium Stand: What is the Best Nano Tank Stand?
    If you own a nano aquarium, chances are you’ve placed it on a table or on an existing shelf of your own. Nano tanks are small and lightweight, so most
  • Willow Moss (Fontinalis Antipyretica): Care & How to Grow
    In the amazing world of the aquarium hobby, moss isn’t exactly the first aquatic that comes to mind for decorating the tank. There are definitely plants more common than moss,
  • Weeping Moss Care: How to Grow, Attach to Driftwood & More
    Weeping Moss is an aquarium plant that is a welcome addition to any tank setup. It is often chosen for its unique, downward branching style to add a nice pop of dark green to any aquarium. Weeping Moss can be identified by its frond shaped shoots, and it’s downward growth motion. The offshoots of the Weeping Moss plant have an interesting texture as well.
  • Why are There Bubbles in My Fish Tank?
    As a fishkeeper or an aquarium hobbyist, you may have noticed that your tank has bubbles in it. You may have even asked yourself why the bubbles are there, if
  • Dwarf Hairgrass Care: Seed, Soil, Gravel & Carpet Planting
    Dwarf Hairgrass is a very popular small plant that’s name is almost perfectly descriptive of itself. Dwarf Hairgrass has blades instead of leaves. The blades are tightly packed together, and under aquarium lighting, they will show up as a bright green. There are fine hairs along the blades that aid the plant in photosynthesis. Dwarf Hairgrass helps oxygenate the water, control nitrate levels, and remove pollutants. It is also the perfect shelter for bottom dwelling fish. Dwarf Hairgrass has the appearance of grass in your aquarium, and it will grow into a carpet that covers the bottom. It is a wonderful addition to any tank setup that includes fish, and it has been a popular choice for people in the aquascaping hobby.
  • Dwarf Aquarium Lily: Care, Temperature, Propagate & More
    Dwarf Aquarium Lilies are considered easy for aquarium plant enthusiasts to keep and propagate. They have triangle shaped leaves that show up in a range of pink, green, or red color. The coloring will change to brownish as well. It is encouraged to trim the leaves once they turn brown. They grow leaves under the water’s surface, and they also grow and send lily pads up to the surface of the water.
  • Seiryu Stone: What is an Aquarium Seiryu Stone Rock?
    A Seiryu Stone is a blueish grey colored stone that originates in Japan. They can be identified by the jagged ridges and the white calcite veins that run through it.
  • Fish or Fishes: What is the Plural Form of Fish?
    Some believe that the plural form of fish is fish, while others claim that the plural of fish is ‘fishes.’ In fact, they can both be correct. English nouns can
  • Pothos in Aquariums: Are Pothos Plants Good for Aquariums?
    Pothos Plants are a popular plant that many people use in their homes for its toxic air purifying properties. It has also become a common plant that is used in aquarium setups. They are very beneficial, and they are easy to propagate. The Pothos Plant can provide your aquarium with oxygenation. If you plant your Pothos into your aquarium substrate, it will aerate the water as it uses up the carbon dioxide the fish expel and then it releases the oxygen back into the water. They provide more oxygen and absorb more nitrates than other plants.
  • Best Aquarium Water Conditioner: The Ultimate Guide
    Many inexperienced aquarists make the mistake of overlooking proper water conditioning before adding fish to an aquarium. Most people understand that fish are sensitive to water temperature fluctuations. After adding
  • Black Beard Algae: Treatment, Removal, Cause & More
    Black Beard Algae is an extremely common type of algae to find in your aquarium. Chances are, if you have algae in your tank, it is Black Beard Algae. Black Beard Algae belongs to the red algae family. It is also known as brush algae, black brush algae, or sometimes just by the initials BBA.
  • Pond Heater Guide: What is the Best Pond Heater?
    As winter approaches, it probably means you are thinking about your fish pond and how to keep it at an adequate temperature until next spring. When it comes to heating
  • Aquarium Banana Plant: Care, Propagation & Dying Plants
    Aquarium Banana Plants are easily identified by the grouping of their tubers that are (when planted) located directly above the soil. They look like a small bunch of unripe bananas which give it the charming name Aquarium Banana Plant. These tubers are where the Aquarium Banana Plant stores its nutrients. It is important to note that these tubers are supposed to rest above the soil. They are not a part of the plant’s roots. If they are planted below the soil, they will rot, and your Aquarium Banana Plant will die.
  • Pond Filters Guide: Best Pond Filter & Types of Filtration
    A good pond filter is key to having a successful pond. Filtration keeps the pond water clear, oxygenated, and healthy for the fish living in the pond. Today, there are
  • How to Set Up a Freshwater Aquarium – Step by Step
    Setting up a new aquarium is exciting and fun. However, understanding the responsibilities involved and proper planning is necessary to have a successful long lasting aquarium. Before making any purchases,
  • Aquarium Heater Guide (Aquarium Heater Size Chart)
    Maintaining proper temperature in an aquarium is very important for the well-being of your fish. An aquarium heater ensures that the water temperature is maintained at a desirable range. Without
  • Aquarium Driftwood Guide
    What is an Aquarium Driftwood? Aquarium driftwood is a decorative material, suitable for many aquarium setups. In addition to live plants and rocks, they are great additions to a natural
  • Guide to Aquarium Salts
    If you own a freshwater aquarium, you may be surprised that aquarium salt can be beneficial to your aquarium. In fact, it is imperative you understand the importance of aquarium
  • How Much Should I Feed My Fish?
    How much and how often should you feed your fish? The amount of food that you feed is very important because it can directly impact the fish’s health. The right
  • Soil Nematodes of the Antarctic Dry Valleys
    Although many people are not familiar with nematodes’ existence, they are more common than one may think. They are very successful roundworms that are found all over the Earth. Due
  • Aquarium Tank Guide
    The aquarium tank is the canvas for your aquatic masterpiece. The tank will hold not only the water, but also the life inside of it. The aquarium tank will comprise
  • Where to Place Your Aquarium
    The placement of an aquarium is very important to the success of one’s fishkeeping experience. We are not talking about Feng shui here, but basic positioning and location of an
  • The World of Fishkeeping
    The vast underwater world of fish is truly amazing. Fish are known to have colonized almost every aquatic environment on this planet Earth. From the freezing depths of the Arctic
  • Aquaculture in the U.S.
    Aquaculture in the U.S. Seafood is a great food source for protein, vitamins, and minerals. This nutrient rich food source can provide us with essential omega-3 fatty acids not found
  • Aquarium Stand Guide
    If you are purchasing a new aquarium, there is a good chance that you are looking for an aquarium stand to go with it. Aquarium stands may seem only secondary
  • Aquarium Thermometer Guide
    Maintaining proper temperature of your aquarium is very important, especially for tropical tanks. These fish tanks require specific water temperatures, and a good aquarium thermometer will help monitor it. While
  • Nano Aquarium Plant Guide
    Nano aquarium plants are an essential part of enjoying a small underwater ecosystem. There are many things to consider when placing an aquarium plant in a small tank. First, not
  • Nano Aquarium Heater Guide
    Heaters in a nano aquarium is very important, more so than your average sized fish tank. Since nano aquariums hold a smaller volume of water compared to standard sized fish
  • Nano Aquarium Lights Guide
    Lighting is one of the most crucial components of your nano aquarium setup. In an aquarium, getting the right type of lighting is essential, and this is especially true for
  • The Ultimate Guide to Nano Aquarium Tanks
    Nano tanks have become increasingly popular in recent years. This is an understandable trend because many people are interested in keeping aquarium fish, but they do not have the space
  • Nano Aquarium Fish Guide
    Nano aquariums are unique because they are small in size. Therefore, it is important to select the right fish to inhabit these small environments. Not all fish will thrive in
  • Best Nano Aquarium Filters: The Guide to Nano Tank Filters
    Filtration is an essential part of any aquarium setup and nano aquariums are no different. In fact, for nano aquariums, having an efficient filtration system is even more important than
  • Benefit of Gammarus Shrimp as Fish Food
    Gammarus Shrimp (Hyalella Azteca), also known as scuds, are freshwater amphipod crustaceans naturally occurring in slow running rivers and lakes measuring approximately 1 cm. They are often found in slow
  • Aquarium Filter: The Complete Guide to Aquarium Filtration
    An aquarium filtration system is an important component of a healthy fish tank. An efficient aquarium filter will help maintain good water quality in both freshwater and saltwater aquariums. They
  • Aquarium Light Guide: The Best Light for Your Aquarium
    Aquarium lighting is an important component of a fish tank setup. Proper lighting can draw the attention to the aquarium and the beautiful fish inside of it. In fact, good
  • Differences between Freshwater Fish and Saltwater Fish
    There are many different species of fish, and they can be broadly categorized into freshwater fish and saltwater fish. Many freshwater fish can be found in rivers and lakes. Saltwater
  • Types of Fish Feed: Ultimate Guide to Fish Food
    There are many different types of fish food on the market today. They come in many different shapes and sizes. However, not all fish food may be suitable for your
  • Grindal Worm Culture (Enchytraeus buchholzi) | Live Fish Food
    Grindal Worms, Enchytraeus buchholzi, are annelid worms that are great for feeding fish fry. Grindal worms were first isolated from White Worms by Mrs. Morton Grindal in Solna, Sweden in
  • White Worm Culture (Enchytraeus albidus) | Live Fish Food
    White Worms, Enchytraeus albidus, are commonly cultured by aquarists as a form of fish food, more specifically live fish food. They can be fed to a wide variety of fish
  • Best Koi Food Guide: What to Feed Koi Fish?
    There are many types of koi food on the market offered by many different brands and manufacturers. Since there are so many options available, it can certainly be confusing especially
  • A Guide to Feeding Koi
    Feeding koi is very enjoyable, and many koi owners consider feeding the most enjoyable aspect of owning koi fish. As soon as you walk towards the pond, the koi will
  • Koi Hanako: Oldest Koi Fish with Longest Recorded Lifespan
    At 226 years old, koi Hanako was the oldest koi fish ever recorded. Koi Hanako was a beautiful scarlet colored female Higoi in Japan. Her name Hanako is translated as