- Delhezi Bichir (Polypterus delhezi): Ultimate Care Guide
The Delhezi Bichir (Polypterus delhezi), also known as the barred, banded, or armored bichir, is a nocturnal, carnivorous catfish of ancient origins, a native of the Congo River’s middle section,
- Amano Shrimp (Caridina multidentata): Ultimate Care Guide
Amano Shrimp (Caridina multidentata), also known as Algae Eating Shrimp, Yamato Shrimp, and Japanese Shrimp, are one of the most favourite dwarf shrimp amongst aquarists. Amano Shrimp make excellent pets for beginners, as they are resilient, easy to care for and are very active, peaceful creatures. Amano Shrimp are good eaters, with a preference for algae (hence their nickname) and are fascinating to observe. Although breeding them is next to impossible, their charm and long lifespan make them a great choice for any fish keeper.
- Clown Pleco: Care, Tank Mates, Size, Tank Size & Food
Clown Plecos (Panaque Maccus) are a great addition to any aquarium for both novice and expert fish-keepers alike. Provided they are kept in the right conditions they are quite unproblematic to look after, and even better, they provide a nice aesthetic touch to your tank. Furthermore, they are fun to watch as they snack on driftwood at the bottom of the tank, and are also an amicable tank mate for many other species.
- Bolivian Ram: Care, Tank Mates, Size, Lifespan & Food
The Bolivian Ram (Mikrogeophagus Altispinosa) is a small, peaceful cichlid, native to the freshwater systems of Brazil and Bolivia. They have beautiful, ranging colors along with extended fin rays which make for an eye-catching addition to any aquarium. Also, their shy, calm demeanor makes them suitable for community tanks and easy to look after even for beginners.
- Rubber Lip Pleco (L146): Care, Size, Temperature & Food
The Rubber Lip pleco, or the Chaetostoma milesi, is a freshwater fish native to South America. It is part of the largest family of armored suckermouth catfish, the chaetostoma genus. Often confused for the Rubber pleco, this easy to care for fish is a great option for beginners.
- Leopard Puffer Fish Care (Dichotomyctere nigroviridis)
Leopard Puffer Fish (Dichotomyctere nigroviridis), also known as Green Spotted Puffer, have a yellow green body with a whitish cream colored belly. Their bodies have different shaped and sized black spots on them. They become more brightly colored as they mature. They have a rounded shaped body, with large eyes. Their eyes have a brilliantly yellow colored middle. They have tiny mouths, with teeth inside. These teeth grow very quickly, and will require you to physically clip them from time to time so that they do not become overgrown. It is easier to tell the males from the females once they have matured. The male Leopard Puffer will have darker markings on his body, and the female will have a more rounded appearance.
- Ludwigia Arcuata Care Guide (Needle Leaf Ludwigia)
Ludwigia arcuata is an easy plant to care for and requires moderate to high lighting requirements, basic fertilization, and can crow emersed or submersed. It is a good plant for a beginner who is just starting their aquarium and doesn’t want any plants that significant specialized care.
The ludwigia arcuata will thrive under moderate to high lighting, though it will grow redder with higher light. It grows in temperatures between 20-28°C/68-82°F and a pH level of 5.5-8. These are both standard levels for most aquariums, so just keep an eye out that your aquarium stays within these levels.
- Payara Fish Facts & Care (AKA Vampire Tetra)
The Payara Fish (Hydrolycus scomberoides), also known as Vampire Tetra, is an aggressive, predatory species of dogtooth tetra that can be found swimming in the tropical waters of the Amazon Basin, actively hunting for its next meal.
Payara fish belong to the Dogtooth Characins family and are not to be confused with the similar Hydrolycus armatus. Payara fry are born with gaps in their upper jaw to accommodate their razor-sharp fangs, that juts out menacingly and can reach up to six inches long.
- Pea Puffer: Care, Size, Food, Tank Mates & Tank Size
Pea Puffers (Carinotetraodon travancoricus) are small fish that at full maturity grow up to 1.5 inches. They are a yellow green color, with black spots on their bodies. These spots are both large and small. The eyes of the Pea Puffer appear larger than their head. They have a body that is larger towards the head, and gets smaller as it goes towards the tail.
- Gardneri Killifish (Fundulopanchax gardneri): Care Guide
Gardneri Killifish (Fundulopanchax gardneri) are beautiful fish that are great for small to medium sized aquariums.
Their name derives from the Dutch word ‘killy’ which means a ditch or canal. As their name suggests, they are often found in shallow waters like water holes, streams, and marshes. To live in these shallow bodies of waters, Killifish generally do not grow very large.
In fact, Gardneri Killifish are small fish that grow to 2.5 inches in size. They are small in size, but characterized by their impactful coloration and pattern. They have a blue and green body, with red spots over it.
- Chocolate Cichlid (Hypselecara temporalis): Care Guide
Chocolate Cichlid (Hypselecara temporalis), is a large fish native to the calm, deep and slow-moving rivers of the Amazon River Basin in South America. This generally mild-mannered cichlid serves as an excellent centerpiece to spacious community aquaria with its elegant pastel colors, and is easy to care for.
- Red Texas Cichlid: Care, Size, Tank Mates & Tank Size
The Red Texas Cichlid is a freshwater fish developed by a cross between a male Texas cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus) and, most commonly, a female Red Parrot cichlid (Paraneetroplus synspilus x Amphilophus citrinellus). As a hybrid, the Red Texas Cichlid does not have a scientific name like their purebred counterparts; however, many of their care needs and behaviour mimic those of the standard Texas cichlid.
- Sultan Pleco (L264): Care, Diet, Size, Breeding & Tank Size
Sultan Plecos (Leporacanthicus joselimai, L264) have greyish cream colored bodies with black spots. They have powerful sucker mouths that they use to hold onto surfaces. Males and females are much easier to determine from one another when they have reached maturity. The males tend to have larger and broader heads, larger dorsal fins, and brighter coloration. You will want to make sure that you have correctly identified your Pleco so that you are able to provide the correct care for them. Juveniles will have white tips on their dorsal fins and tail fins that will fade as they age.
- Snowball Pleco (Hypancistrus inspector, L102): Care Guide
The Snowball Pleco (Hypicanistrus Inspector, L102) is an armoured suckermouth catfish part of the Loricariidae family. Its gorgeous white polka dot pattern gives the fish the appearance of being covered in little snowballs, hence its distinctive name. Some Snowball Pleco sport yellow spots as well, adding to the species’ beauty. Comparing the male and females, the former will sometimes show a reddish tint to their armour and more prominent odontodes, which resemble little teeth on their fins. These plecos have the characteristic flattened belly, downturned mouth, and torpedo outline of other catfish, with splayed pectoral and pelvic fins.
- Neon Green Rasbora (Microdevario kubotai): Care & Lifespan
The neon green rasbora (Microdevario kubotai), also known as kubotai rasbora, or green rasbora is a cyprinid native to southeast Asian rivers and streams with vivid, eccentric green and yellow colors. These striking little bright green fish may be challenging to find as most neon green rasboras on the market are wild-caught, making these little fish an attractive addition to any fishkeeper’s aquarium. Once stable and well-conditioned, these little fish are easy to take care of and stand out from the crowd in a well-set environment.
- Japanese Rice Fish (Oryzias latipes): Care Guide
The Japanese Rice Fish (Oryzias Latipes) or Medaka, has been a popular pet fish for aquarists because of its small size, hardiness and colorful appearance. They also go by many names, Japanese Killifish, Japanese Medaka, and Rice Fish There are a variety of Japanese Rice Fish, the most popular being the Gold Medaka and the Moonlight Medaka. The Gold Medaka have been kept in aquariums since the 17th century and are famous for their orange and gold color. The Moonlight Medaka on the other hand are a newer breed and are known for their silver color. Neither the Gold Medaka nor the Moonlight Medaka can be found in the wild. Wild Medaka naturally have a bland color.
- Exclamation Point Rasbora Care (Boraras urophthalmoides)
The Exclamation Point Rasbora (Boraras urophthalmoides), also known as the least rasbora or sparrow rasbora, is a cyprinid native to southeast Asia and produce electric red-orange hues in a dark-water
- Red Zebra Cichlid: Care, Size, Tank Mates & Breeding
Red Zebra Cichlids (Maylandia Estherae) have a beautiful range of colors. They can be found in colors of bright yellow, flashy oranges, to vibrant reds. The males and females both can come in a variety of colors making them a little difficult to distinguish between the two. Unlike their name suggests, the Red Zebra Cichlid does not have stripes, and with so many varieties being sold in pet stores, they are often labelled under the broad title of African Cichlid. It is important with these fish to make sure of the species you have. Some of them have different requirements, and you will want to make sure that you are providing the appropriate care for them.
- Saulosi Cichlid (Pseudotropheus saulosi): Care & Tank Mates
Saulosi Cichlid (Pseudotropheus saulosi) originates from Lake Malawi in Africa. Along the Taiwan reef, Saulosi Cichlid can be found at depths of 7-15 meters. Enormous schools wander the rocky spaces of the reef, searching for food among the algae developing on the rocks. These schools house mostly yellow fish, which are indications of females or juvenile specimen. Blue coloration would indicate male specimen of this fish. The ones with the most vibrant blue coloration is often the most dominant fish. Juveniles and females are yellow, while mature males have blue bodies and black bars.
- Leopard Frog Pleco (L134): Care, Size, Breeding & Tank Size
Leopard Frog Plecos (Peckoltia compta) have dark colored bodies with striping throughout. The stripes range from a light cream color to a yellow. As the fish mature, the yellow portion of their body tends to turn into the darker hue. In addition, as they mature, the stripe pattern tend to turn into spots. However, regardless of their pattern, a healthy fish should have a vibrant coloration. Fish that appear washed out could indicate that they are stressed or is unhealthy.
- Chocolate Gourami: Care, Size, Tank Size & Tank Mates
Chocolate Gouramis (Sphaerichthys osphromenoides) have an oval-shaped body. When you look at them, they even look almost flat. They have small heads in proportion to their bodies, and they have a sharply pointed nose. As its name suggests, its body is a dark chocolate color. It can vary with different hues of brown from reddish to green. They have 5 stripes that run vertical along their bodies. These stripes can range in color from a yellowish gold to an orangish. Their black fins have an accordian fold look to them. The fins are tipped with the same colorations as the vertical stripes. Interestingly enough, the males tend to be a more reddish coloration. Male Chocolate Gouramis are larger at full maturity than the females are. Females tend to have a more rounded jaw. This is because the Chocolate Gourami female will brood her eggs in her mouth.
- Fahaka Puffer: Care, Tank Size, Tank Mates, Food & Size
The Fahaka Puffer fish (Tetraodon lineatus) has a light tannish to brownish body that fades into a light yellowish white underbelly. Fahaka Puffer fish also have horizontal stripes on their bodies that run from the start of their pectoral fin to their tail. Fahaka Puffer fish, like all species of puffer fish, have the ability to puff themselves up with air or water when they feel threatened. When the Fahaka Puffer has puffed itself up, it reveals that it has tiny spikes all over its skin. These spikes are a form of self-defense that makes them a lot less appealing to predators.
- Candy Cane Tetra: Care, Size, Food, Tank Mates & Aggression
Candy Cane Tetras (Hyphessobrycon bentosi) have an almost salmon colored hue to their bodies. This coloration can range from the light salmon to a more pinkish hue. They are similarly colored to the Rosy Tetra, but the Candy Cane Tetra has a more transparent body. The fins of the Candy Cane Tetra have a bright red on them, and they will always have white tipped dorsal fins. Candy Cane Tetra can also be identified by a faintly colored, greyish shoulder patch. It is easier to tell the males from the females when they reach maturity. The males tend to have longer dorsal fins, and the females tend to be more plump.
- Auratus Cichlid: Care, Tank Mates, Aggression & Breeding
The Auratus Cichlid (Melanochromis auratus) are well-known for its aggressiveness as well as its unique features. They are considered the most aggressive member of the Mbuna group. Auratus cichlid are so aggressive that they are known to terrorize fish that are double their size. They are native to Lake Malawi in Africa. In their natural environment, they can normally be seen in groups of 8-10.
- Starry Night Cichlid: Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & Diet
Starry Night Cichlids have impressive markings. Like most Cichlids, they have an almost Perch shaped body. They have dark brown to black colored bodies, and silver-blue speckles. The dark body coloration in addition to the sparkles, give the Starry Night Cichlid a similar appearance to a dark, clear night full of stars. In the wild, this gives them a sort of camouflage, and allows them to be able to catch prey that they otherwise would not have been able to catch.
- Sumo Loach (Schistura balteata): Care, Size & Tank Mates
Sumo Loaches can be identified by their long thin body, and their interesting markings. Sumo Loaches come from fast moving, low streams, and their coloration will vary depending on the location they are caught, but most Sumo Loaches display a tanish to yellowish-green body color with orange to black colored, vertical stripes on the middle of their bodies. Their fins are transparent, except for their dorsal fin. The Sumo Loach’s dorsal fin has black spots. Sumo Loaches have barbels under their mouths. These barbels help the Sumo Loach detect food.
- Betta Mahachaiensis: Care, Food, Breeding & Lifespan
The betta mahachaiensis is a wild species from the betta family. It is a tropical fish that originates from the Samut Sakhon Province in Thailand, which is southwest of Bangkok. It is a newly discovered fish, found recently in 2012, and there isn’t as much information on them as other fish since scientists are still studying all about them. The betta mahachaiensis live in stagnant brackish and fresh waters such as ponds, swamps and pools. They are actually hard to catch and find due to their habitat.
- Emerald Dwarf Rasboras: Care, Size, Breeding & Tank Mates
Emerald Dwarf Rasboras are a shoaling fish that thrives in a group rather than being a solitary fish. The minimum size tank that Emerald Dwarf Rasboras require is a 10 gallon. A 10 gallon tank can house up to 6 Emerald Dwarf Rasboras. They tend to fare better in a 20 gallon size tank so that a larger group can be kept together. They are a busy little fish, and the more Emerald Dwarf Rasboras that are housed together, the more active they will become in displaying all their natural behaviors.
- Hygrophila Corymbosa: Planting, Care, Propagation & Height
The hygrophila corymbosa is a simple plant that is fairly easy to care for. There are a few subspecies of the hygrophila corymbosa, though that are similar in most characteristics. This aquatic plant creates a beautiful view with its long, slim leaves that are tapered at each end. This stem plant is bright green in color and can sometimes change colors based on the amount of lighting it receives. The hygrophila corymbosa is known to change to a dark green color, as well as pink, red and even purple. When partially submerged, this aquatic plant has the ability to produce pink and purple flowers. In the wild, the giant hygro can grow to be up to 24 inches in height but when in a tank, the plant grows to be 3 to 5 inches tall.
- Neon Blue Rasbora: Care, Size, Tank Size & Tank Mates
Neon Blue Rasbora (Sundadanio Axelrodi) are small aquarium fish that are great for nano tanks. Having an aquarium is very exciting and can even be beneficial for one’s health and
- Betta Smaragdina: Care, Lifespan, Breeding & Aggression
Betta Smaragdina is an interestingly colored species of Betta fish. It has an iridescent sheen covering its body that even extends outward towards its fins. Their main body color can be a few different colors such as red, orange, blue, and green. They come in a variety of colors, but they always have the iridescent sheen of green-blue scaling. They have medium length fins when compared to other species of Betta, and their fins have a striped pattern to them.
- Water Cow Goby: Care, Tank Size, Max Size & Tank Mates
Water Cow Gobies are one of the larger fish to keep in the fishkeeping hobby. They require a large tank, but they are an interesting fish to keep. They aren’t particularly colorful, but they have a mix of browns and tans on their bodies. These colors are beneficial in the wild so that they can hunt smaller fish. This camouflage in addition to its slow moving nature helps it to be an efficient hunter. Water Cow Gobies have been known to have a greyish color to their bodies as well. Water Cow Gobies’ coloration will change from lighter to darker, seemingly with their mood, but this is more likely just for camouflage purposes so that they can be effective hunters. With several types of Gobies for sale online, it can be difficult to find a seller who is selling a true Water Cow Goby, and not another species of Goby just mislabelled.
- Lemon Tetra Care: Tank Size, Food, School & Breeding
It is no secret that one of the most popular fish to add to your aquarium are tetra fish. However, one of the more uncommon type of species is the
- Phoenix Rasbora Care: Size, Food, School Size & Tank Size
Phoenix Rasboras are vibrantly colored and active nano schooling fish. They are often misidentified because they are marked very similarly to other Rasboras. Phoenix Rasbora has black spots on its body and has a bright orange-red around each one. The bright orange-red coloration connects together, and extends towards the head. The vibrant coloration is only present around the black spots of the fish, and the rest of the body of the Phoenix Rasbora is a dullish grey color that fades into a transparent color towards the fins. The fins have some red markings at the ends. The black spot in the middle of the body is much darker than in other Rasboras. In addition, Phoenix Rasboras lack the black line that runs along the body of other Rasboras.
- Betta Imbellis ‘Peaceful Betta’: Care, Lifespan, Aggression
Betta Imbellis are known as Peaceful Betta, but they can still show aggression and be territorial. If you are planning on housing your Betta Imbellis with other species of fish, you will want to make sure that you have a large enough tank, and that you choose a fish to cohabitate that is calm and will not bully your Betta Imbellis. There are peaceful schooling fish such as neon tetras that would be great tank mates with Betta Imbellis, providing that there is enough room in the aquarium.
- Tiger Barb Care: Tank Setup, Tank Mates, Breeding & Disease
Tiger Barbs are active fish, and they require a minimum of a 20 gallon tank for a small school of 5 fish. If you are wanting more Tiger Barbs in your school, then you will want to add an additional 3 gallons per fish after that. You should maintain tropical water temperatures between 75 and 82°F, with a pH between 6.0-8.0 in your Tiger Barb Tank. The substrate of the tank should be a sandy gravel, and they will need plenty of aquarium plants and decor to finish out their tank to make it closely mimic their natural habitat in the wild.
- Alien Betta: Care, Size, Breeding, Genetics & More
Betta fish have been a long sought after type of fish in the fish keeping hobby. They offer a wide range of color and are relatively easy fish to care for in comparison to other fish out there. Alien Betta fish are a type of Betta fish that is created by mixing two other species of Betta fish together. They do this for the striking patterns, and the vibrant color.
- Orange Hatchet Danio: Care, Lifespan, Breeding & More
Orange Hatchet Danios are similar in size and shape to most other Danios, but they can be identified by the orange hues they have on their body. The Orange Hatchet Danio was first found in India. They can be identified by the orange highlights, which is a rare color in Danios. The males are usually darker, especially when they are ready to spawn. The females are more plump in shape when compared to the males. Both male and female Orange Hatchet Danio have a more arrow-like shape to their bodies which helps aid the fish in jumping. It is important to keep a lid on your tank. If startled, the Orange Hatchet Danio is an excellent jumper, and they will jump out of your tank.
- Umbee Cichlid Care: Max Size, Tank Mates, Breeding & More
Umbee Cichlids are a beautiful species of fish that are found in South America in rivers of Columbia. They are a rather large fish at full maturity. This means that you will always be able to see their striking pattern from far away, and anywhere in your aquarium. Their faces are dark but they are marked by turquoise and blue reflective dots only under around their eyes, and extending outward.
- Phoenix Tetra Care: Diet, Lifespan, Size, Breeding & More
Phoenix Tetras are a vibrant fish with a grey silvery body, and their body also has a delicate gold colored sheen. Their fins have a beautiful red coloration with white extensions that look very ornate. Mature females are noticeably more stocky than the males are. The males have longer filaments on their fins, and they show off a flashy bright red color. The caudal fin is translucent in color in the female Phoenix Tetra. Mature male Phoenix Tetra have elongated dorsal and anal fins. These differences make it easy to distinguish male Phoenix Tetras from females.
- Pearl Gourami: Care, Tank Size, Tank Mates, Size & More
Pearl Gourami are relatively easy to care for. Like other gouramis, it prefers a heavily planted tank with many hiding spaces and ample debris for building bubble nests. They require a larger thank than some of their cousins, at 30 gallons at the very least, but they’re just as communal and peaceful. Caring for the plants provides ample maintenance for these fish, though they aren’t as finicky as some other species. They do like to hide though, and prefer a somber habitat. They also need to have direct access to fresh air since they are labyrinth fish.
- Checker Barb Care: Diet, Lifespan, Tank Size & Tank Mates
Checker Barb fish are a tropical, freshwater fish named for their distinctive black and silver checkered markings and colorations that resemble a checkerboard. This pattern is so distinct that even their nicknames refer to their checkerboard patterning. They are described as having a torpedo-esque shape to their bodies, and a round middle. The males are slimmer and smaller than the females. The juvenile Checker Barb fish may have little fin color, while the mature males have red fins with a black outline. The females have a more yellowish color to their fins. The color of both male and female fish will get darker as they become ready to spawn, and when they are fed a good diet of a wide variety. A well set up aquarium will help this nano schooling fish thrive, and will also help aid in deepening its coloration.
- Betta Albimarginata: Care, Size, Lifespan, pH & Breeding
The Betta Albimarginata can be identified by a combination of characteristics. They have a blackish head ventrally, and greyish yellow dorsally. They have an orange colored blotch on their operculum. The operculum is the facial structure on bony fish that supports their gills. They have fin patterning, except on their pectoral fins. They have a broad white distal band, and a dark submarginal band. The submarginal band has a sharp outer margin, a less sharp inner margin, and a plain red inner portion. Females are a simple mottled brown body color, while the males end up being a more orange color.
- Pygmy Corydoras Care: Food, Breeding, Size & More
The pygmy corydoras (corydoras pygmaeus) is a type of catfish. As the “pygmy” part of their name implies, these freshwater fish are tiny. In fact, they are some of the
- Salt and Pepper Corydoras: Care, Size, Lifespan & Breeding
Color pattern is somewhat varied among the Salt and Pepper Corydora fish. The fish can be identified by its light tan body covered with black and shiny silver spotting and broken striping. This is a much smaller species than the similarly named Peppered Cory Catfish, and when doing research about the Salt and Pepper Corydora the information could be easily confused between the two species.
- Samurai Gourami Care: Diet, Tank Size, Breeding & Disease
Samurai Gourami male can be distinguished from the female, but it can be somewhat difficult. The female Samurai Gourami is more colorful than the male, and you can identify her more easily by looking at her markings. The females have a vibrant iridescent green to their bodies, and they have red and green vertical bars on their sides. They also have a straighter lower jaw, and have a more prominent head shape than the males. The females also have a reddish tail area. Males are plain in comparison and usually have a pale brown or greyish tint to them. With other species the males are usually more brightly colored than the females are, but with the Samurai Gourami, the opposite is true. This is known as sexual dimorphism.
- Celestial Pearl Danio: Care, Tank Size, Breeding & More
Celestial Pearl Danios (Danio Margaritatus) are a newly discovered species of freshwater fish, and there is much to learn about this fish. They are admired by aquarium hobbyists all over the world for their vibrant color, and active nature. They are often referred to as Galaxy Rasboras, or Firework Rasboras. However, these little fish are more closely related to Danios than they are to Rasboras.
- Nile Perch Care: Tank Setup, Food, Behavior & More
Nile Perch are hearty freshwater fish, but keep in mind when purchasing a tank for larger species of fish, you’re buying for long-term care, and so should plan for the largest community you want. A 90-gallon tank is recommended for keeping a perch, as they are large, active, and can grow to fit their surroundings. A larger starter tank will allow you to keep more fish, as well as keep your maintenance time down. The tank will need a heater to maintain temperatures between 75-77 degrees Fahrenheit. They are native to Africa and prefer warm waters.
- Chili Rasboras Care: Diet, Size, Tank Size & Temperature
Chili Rasboras are a beautifully colored, freshwater, nano schooling fish. They are red-orange in color with a black and red line that runs down their mid lateral line. The males are more brightly colored than the females, but they all share these eye catching color traits. Their flashy coloring and active nature makes them a favorite of aquarium owners all over the world.
- Strawberry Rasbora: Care, Size, Breeding, Tank Size & More
The Strawberry Rasbora is similar to the Chili Rasbora, but can be identified by the much more dominant black spot on its side. This distinctive marking is more prominent on
- Badis Badis Care: The Dwarf Chameleon Fish
Badis Badis is a small predatory fish that feeds on a variety of tiny invertebrates such as worms and insect larvae. The coloration of these fish can intend entirely on the mood of the fish – when comfortable, it can be extremely rich and vibrantly colored. They hold a lot of value for some people as not only are they strong aquatic pets to have, but they make brilliant breeding partners due to their immense colorization abilities.
The Arowana is large a freshwater fish that has relatively large scales and an impressive jumping ability earning it two nicknames, the aforementioned ‘water monkeys, and also the ‘Dragon Fish’ because of the way the light shines off it’s ‘armor’.
The Arowana swims near the water surface to seek its prey, mostly feeding in insects and small fish although specimens have been found with the remains of birds, bats, and snakes in their stomachs, made possible by the Arowana’s drawbridge-like mouth, designed for larger meals.
- Sailfin Pleco
Scientific Name Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps, Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps Common Name(s) Sailfin Pleco, Leopard Pleco, Gibby, L083, L165 Origin South America Temperature Range 73-86°F Water Parameters KH 6-10, pH 6.5-7.4 Adult Size 1’7”
- Neon Tetra: Care, Disease, Breeding, Albino & Gold Types
Neon Tetra has a light blue back over a silver colored abdomen. It has an iridescent blue stripe that runs horizontally along each side of the fish, starting at the nose and ending at the adipose fin. They also have a red iridescent stripe that begins in the middle of their body and extends to the base of the caudal fin. The neon tetra is partially transparent, the fins too. Female Neon Tetras are usually bigger, can be identified by their rounder bellies, and a bent iridescent stripe rather than the male’s straight one. At night time, as the Neon Tetra rests, the red and blue stripes become gray and black. The color becomes vibrant again once the Neon Tetra becomes active in the morning.
- Clown Knife Fish
Scientific Name Chitala ornata Common Name(s) Spotted knifefish, clown featherback, clown knife fish Origin South Asia, Thailand Temperature Range 75-82°F pH Range 6.0-8.0 Adult Size 10 to 40 inches (25-
- Swai Fish
The Swai Fish, or Iridescent Shark, is a fish that is typically farmed in Asia. However, it seems to create a bit of controversy in what contexts it appears. Whether
- Discus Fish
Scientific Name Symphysodon Common Name(s) Discus Origin South America, Amazon River Basin Temperature Range 80 – 86°F Water Parameters 5-7pH, 1-8dH, 1- 3KH Adult Size 8-10in Diet Carnivorous, live food,
- Moonlight Gourami: Care, Size, Tank Mates & More
Moonlight gourami are named after their beautiful silvery appearance. They have long flowing ventral fins that are used as feelers to sense their surroundings. As labyrinth fish, they have a
- Green Neon Tetra
Scientific Name Paracheirodon simulans Common Name(s) Green Neon Tetra, Blue Neon Tetra, False Neon Origin Rio Jafaris, Ornico and Upper Negro River Basins Temperature Range 75-85 °F pH pH: 5.0-6.5
- Cuban Gar
Common Name Cuban Gar Scientific Name Atractosteus tristoechus Origin Cuba Temperature Range 64-73°F pH Range 5.5-8 Adult Size 100-200cm Diet Live Food Cuban Gar Facts Currently on the endangered species
- Cardinal Tetra
The Cardinal Tetra is a freshwater fish native to the various well-vegetated tributaries of the upper Orinoco and Negro rivers in South America. Its average size is 1-2 inches in length with a lifespan of several years in the wild, but only about a year in captivity. It is named after its vivid red color and also has an iridescent blue streak laterally bisecting it, a characteristic of the Paracheirodon species.
- Mosquito Fish
Scientific Name Gambusia affinis Common Name(s) Mosquitofish, Mosquito fish Origin Mississippi River Basin; Illinois, Indiana Temperature Range 68-82°F pH Range 6.5-8.0 Adult Size 3in Diet Omnivore; mosquito larvae, other live
- Snakehead Fish: Invasively Beautiful Fish
Snakehead Facts Snakeheads on land can survive for 4 days. Snakeheads are considered invasive species in American waters. Northern Snakehead population throughout North America is unknown. The Snakehead Fish The
- Guppy Fish Care: Food, Tank, Lifespan, Breeding, & Fry Care
Guppies are one of the most popular fish in the aquarium hobby. They are colorful little fish that are always actively swimming throughout the tank. They are also known for their ease of breeding. In fact, a female guppy can give birth to a batch of 100 or more baby guppies every month. The ease of breeding attracts many beginner fishkeepers, but the art of breeding and developing various strains of guppy makes them attractive for advanced fishkeepers as well.
- Dwarf Gourami Care: Tank Mates, Size, Temperature & Disease
Common Name(s) Dwarf Gourami Scientific Name Colisa lalia, Trichogaster lalius Origin Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh Temperature Range 72 – 82°F (22 – 27°C) Water pH 6.0 – 7.5 Water KH
- Betta Fish Care: Lifespan, Tank Setup, Tank Mates & More
Betta fish are one of the most popular fish in the aquarium hobby, and for good reason. First, they are very pretty to look at. They come in many different fin shapes and coloration. Some of these specimen are results of many generations of careful selective breeding. Another reason for their popularity can be attributed to their ease of care. Compared to many of the other fish in the aquarium hobby, they are relatively less demanding. In the wild, they inhabit slow moving waters such as small lakes and ponds. These are often low oxygen environments.
- Butterfly Pleco: Care, Size, Breeding & More
Butterfly Plecostomus (L168) is one of the smaller species of pleco with a striking pattern. It has the unique ability to camouflage based on their surroundings. When placed on a
- Oscar Fish Care: Size, Food, Tank Size & Hole in the Head
Oscar fish are more intelligent than your average aquarium fish. They are very personable fish that will interact with the owner. For example, when they are excited about their favorite food, they might wag their tail fin, just like a puppy. This is why they are nicknamed “Water Dogs.” Since they have so much personality, many fishkeepers become very attached to them.
- Koi Fish (Nishikigoi)
Koi is a cold-water fish and originate in Central Europe and East Asia. They are hardy and highly adaptable. Likewise, the domesticated Nishikigoi can be acclimated to various climates and water conditions. Koi fish and Goldfish have the same ancestor, the carp. They have similarities with some varieties of Goldfish such as the Common Goldfish and Comet Goldfish. They can have similar body shape and color. This makes it difficult to tell the difference between the two as juvenile or fry. One obvious feature that distinguishes the Goldfish and Koi fish is the presence of prominent barbels on the lips.